Simple Steps to Financial Freedom

You may have heard that money doesn’t buy happiness and the person that told you that probably had a lot of money, but they aren’t exactly wrong.

Photo by Jonathan Brinkhorst on Unsplash

Step one: create an emergency fund.

Save a thousand dollars and put it into an emergency fund that you’ll only use in dire circumstances. I remember reading a story from Dave Ramsey from someone who literally put their emergency fund inside a frame with the words “break glass in case of emergency.” Hold up though. Emergencies don’t include beer money, vacations, or even an engagement ring. This money should only be used if, and when, shit hits the fan. When your car breaks down, when you need to replace your water heater, basically when your life would otherwise become completely derailed, that’s when you go to the emergency fund. Why create an emergency fund? Because everything that can go wrong, will go wrong and instead of borrowing money from your family again, or pulling out your credit card, pushing yourself further into debt, you’ll have something to fall back on. The great thing about the emergency fund is that it starts to give you that feeling of financial freedom. For the first time maybe in your adult life, you have some room to breathe. This step is the quickest way to finally start to gain some control back in your life.

Step two: pay off your debt.

About 80% of American adults are in debt and we’ve just accepted this as the status quo. Maybe we bought shit we didn’t need to furnish an apartment we couldn’t afford or purchased a new car when we could’ve bought used. For me, one of the biggest problems with debt is that it restricts your monthly income. So when you’re paying five to seven hundred dollars, even more on your mortgage, student loans, your car payment it severely restricts the amount of money you can save. The other thing I’ll say is that you’re gonna be saving thousands of dollars in interest if you’re able to pay off your loans quicker. Forget about cutting back on your daily lattes, this is where you’re gonna take the biggest step toward financial freedom. Let’s say you have a hundred thousand dollars in student loans at a 5 percent interest for a twenty-year term if you only pay the minimum for the entire period of the loan, you’ll end up giving the bank over a hundred and fifty-eight thousand dollars. This kinda feels like an emergency. So what’s the best way to pay off your debt early? There are a couple of takes on how to do this. You could tackle the high-interest loans first. Each loan is a different amount with a different interest rate. By the numbers, the smartest decision is to attack the highest interest rate first, then take them out one by one. Another option is called “The Debt Snowball.” It takes into account human behavior. By tackling the smallest loan first, we’re able to knock it out quicker, which helps build momentum and motivates us to pay off other loans. So when I first got really serious about paying off my debt early I brought everything and organized it into a spreadsheet. I would log in a couple of times a week sometimes I would log in every single day and just visualize what it would be like to pay off some of these loans. And I would just delete them, one by one, like a madman, like somebody who’s completely delusional, and I would keep an eye on my monthly payments because I knew that if I could get them low enough, then I’d be able to move out of my parents’ house. So this is what drove me. I started to have hope again. I started to feel like there was a light at the end of the tunnel and I would actually eventually be able to pay all this off.

Step three: create a runway.

What would it feel like to have six to twelve months’ worth of expenses in your bank account at all times? Imagine the kind of freedom and stability you’d have knowing that if you ever got injured, lost your job, or you couldn’t find any more clients, that you’d be taken care of for the foreseeable future. This is why having a runway is so important. Open up a spreadsheet and take account of all your monthly expenses. Rent, groceries, internet, insurance, Netflix, your phone bill, etc. So pulling all of this information into my spreadsheet was an amazing way for me to start to see what’s the absolute minimum that I needed to survive on? now for some tough math. Multiply that number by six months to get your first target runway goal. The next goal after that would be to get twelve months of runway. This number now becomes your baseline; it’s like an extended emergency fund.

Step four: start a retirement fund.

Retirement funds are one of those things that you know you should do, but you haven’t done yet, but eventually, you’ll get to it, but you probably never will. Personal finance is often about making short-term sacrifices for long-term gain. By saving a little bit each year you’ll be able to set yourself up for a dignified retirement. First, compound interest is the shit, and here’s why: So you have a lot of money like you have ten thousand dollars, and then over the course of a year, that money is making money because you’re investing it into stocks and stuff and then you have more money at the end of the year so then the next year you’re making more money on top of that money and then that money’s making even more money and then the next year you’re making even more money. Say you put ten thousand dollars into a 401k receiving a ten percent annual return at the age of twenty if you never touch that money until you turn seventy years old you’ll have over 1.1 million dollars in the bank all that from simply putting away ten thousand dollars. Use a compound interest calculator online to see how much you could retire based on your yearly savings. Now there are many many variables that will factor into your own investment strategy, like your age, your income, how much money you’ll think you’ll need when you retire, how much risk you’re willing to tolerate. Please do your research before investing. I’m not your financial manager, investor, or fiduciary. Read up and make a decision based on your life circumstances. This is not a definitive blueprint. If you’re a freelancer and you can’t stomach that much risk, or you’d feel safer if you had five thousand dollars emergency fund from the very beginning, then do that. Or maybe you can actually handle the extra risk and you decide, “I don’t wanna build six months of runway, I wanna actually start investing in my future and my retirement right now.” Then do that. I personally liked the idea of paying off my debt first and then moving to my retirement fund, but for a lot of people if you’re not able to pay off your debt that quickly, you may want to actually start your retirement fund now, especially if you have a 401k-match with your company because then you’re gonna be able to take advantage of the compound interest.

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April Phan

Lover of writing. Sharing thoughts and experiences on kindness, health, relationship, culture, travel, and self-help. Be well.